Instructions to Authors

Do not submit manuscripts that are under editorial consideration elsewhere, or due for publication, or previously published.

1. Manuscripts intended for publication with Utafiti should be submitted electronically in ‘word’ format, double spaced, with wide margins (at least 2.5 cm on all four sides), as measured on standard A4 paper. This rule applies to the entire manuscript, including the reference list, notes and appendix materials—if any.

2. Title or first page should include the following: (i) title of the article; (ii) name of the author(s) and title(s); (iii) institutional affiliation; and (iv) abstract of maximum 250 words; (v) 4-5 key words; please (vi) insure you provide working cell phone numbers for communication with editor.

3. Manuscripts submitted in English (British or American), Kiswahili, or French, consistently so.

Book reviews: We welcome reviews of books recently published (in the last academic year preceding the volume issue date).These should be maximum 1,200 words; they should contain a description, analysis and appraisal of the book. Avoid disparaging condemnations. Reference lists do not apply in submitting book reviews at the end of the review. Instead when citing other texts refer to these as in-text citations and/or footnotes that are self-contained including full reference information. When citing the text under review, use double quotation marks and include page numbers. Indent completely quoted passages of 3 lines or more and keep extensive quotation to a minimum. The heading of the review should follow this format:  Human Rights in Context, by J. Musalyana, 2018, Dar es Salaam: MkukinaNyota, xix 350 pp. ISBN 10-43290899X

4. Illustrations (artworks, maps, and photographs) should set in the text with captions, of high resolution with legible captions.

5. In case of mathematical expressions (e.g., subscripts and superscripts), they should be correctly placed or clearly marked. Greek letters and unusual symbols should be identified by writing their names in the margin, circling them, at the first occurrence in the paper. Any equation number should go at the right margin. Mathematical symbols for vectors should be labelled as such, e.g., by a wavy underscore.

6. Manuscript should range between 5,000 and 8,000 words (including references and appendices), with an abstract not exceeding 250 words.

7. Any manuscripts containing special phonetic spelling and fonts must be accompanied with a pdf copy to ensure fonts are not corrupted through emailing.

Notes, Citations, and References:

Footnotes should be numbered consecutively using the word processing function key.

In-text citation should follow ‘author-date’ system (e.g., Nyerere 1967). Direct quotations should always show the page where it was extracted (e.g., Kjekshus, 1977:125). In case of more than two authors, the name of the first author should be used, followed by “et al. and year (and page number if applies). E.g., (Mkandalaet al., 2004:viii). However, names of all authors should appear in the Reference List.

Reference list should appear at the end of the document, arranged in alphabetical order, using the second name of the author, or of the first author in case of multiple authors. See the following examples. DO NOT USE AUTOMATIC BIBLIOGRAPHY WORD PROCESSING FUNCTION KEYS to produce your final reference list. Insert in the manuscript as fixed type. Manuscripts containing automated bibliography lists will be returned to the author immediately for restitution.


Geerling, C., & H. Brenan. 1986. Ecology and development: an attempt to synthesize. Environmental conservation 13: 211-214.

Chegere, M., Kidane, A, and Leyaro, V. 2013. Poverty Effects of Fuel and Food Price Changes in Tanzania. Utafiti 10(2):1-33.

Authored books:

Kjekshus, H. 1977. Ecology control and economic development in East Africa: The Case of Tanganyika 1850-1950. London: Heinemann.

United Republic of Tanzania (URT). 1998. The Constitution of the United Republic of Tanzania of 1977. Dar es Salaam: Government Printer.

Chapter in an edited book:

Masanja, P. and Lawi, Y. 2006. African Traditional Religions in Contemporary Tanzanian Society. In Justice Rights and Worship: Religion and Politics in Tanzania. Eds. R. Mukandala, S. Yahya-Othman, S.S. Mushi, and L. Ndumbaro. Dar es Salaam: MkukinaNyota, pp. 97-113.


Ferdinand, C. K. T. 1984. An econometric analysis of demand for Chibuku in Dar es Salaam.Unpublished MA thesis, University of Dar es Salaam.


8. Peer reviewing: Utafiti is a peer reviewed journal. Manuscripts submitted for publication are reviewed by at least two referees, who are experts in the respective subject. Reviewers are fundamental in determining acceptance or rejection of a manuscript by Utafiti.

9. Copyright: It is a condition of publication that authors vest copyright of their articles, including abstracts, in Utafiti. This enables the editors to ensure full copyright protection and to disseminate the article and the journal to the widest possible readership in print and electronic formats as appropriate. Authors may, of course, use the published article elsewhere under permission from the Chief Editor.

10. Plagiarism is an academic offence. See our statement regarding malpractice.

12. Complementary copies: Each published submission is entitled for two hard copies of the respective volume or pass-word for accessing the respective volume. That is, complementary copies are by article and not by authors. 

13. As of February 2018, Utafitiwill be available online, this includes all back issues, and all members of the UDSM community with access to the library archives will be able to download each article as a pdf for free.


UTAFITI Journal of African Perspectives

c/o College of Humanities Office of the College Administrator

P.O. Box 35051 U-Hill, University of Dar es Salaam (Ubungo), Tanzania

Journal’s email:

Editor’s email:

Tele: +255 743 924 800