Notes to Contributors


1. Manuscripts intended for publication with Utafiti should be submitted electronically in ‘word’ format,
double spaced, with wide margins (at least 2.5 cm on all four sides), as measured on standard A4 paper.
This rule applies to the entire manuscript, including the reference list, notes and appendix materials—if

2. Title page should include the following: (i) title of the article; (ii) name of the author(s) and title(s); (iii)
institutional affiliation; and (iv) suggested running head if the title is long.

3. Manuscript can be submitted in English (British or American), Kiswahili, or French; but consistently.

4. Illustrations (artworks, maps, and photographs) should be clear, and of high resolution with legible
captions. These should be submitted separately but their locations in the manuscript should be clearly

5. In case of mathematical expressions (e.g., subscripts and superscripts), they should be correctly placed
or clearly marked. Greek letters and unusual symbols should be identified by writing their names in the
margin, circling them, at the first occurrence in the paper. Any equation number should go at the right
margin. Mathematical symbols for vectors should be labelled as such, e.g., by a wavy underscore.

6. Manuscript should range between 5,000 and 8,000 words (including references and appendices), with
an abstract not exceeding 250 words.

7.    Notes, Citations, and References:

Notes should be numbered consecutively and placed at the end of the article (endnotes). In-text citation should follow ‘author-date’ system (e.g., Nyerere 1967). Direct quotations should always show the page where it was extracted (e.g., Kjekshus, 1977:125). In case of more than two authors, the name of the first author should be used, followed by “et al. and year (and page number if applies). E.g., (Mkandala et al., 2004:viii). However, names of all authors should appear in the Reference List. Reference list should appear at the end of the document, arranged in alphabetical order, using the second name of the author, or of the first author in case of multiple authors. See the following examples.


 Geerling, C., & H. Brenan. 1986. “Ecology and development: an attempt to synthesize”. Environmental conservation, 13: 211-214.

Chegere, M., Kidane, A, and Leyaro, V. (2013). “Poverty Effects of Fuel and Food Price Changes in Tanzania”. Utafiti, 10(2):1-33.

Authored books:

Kjekshus, H. 1977. Ecology control and economic development in East Africa: The Case of Tanganyika 1850-1950. London: Heinemann.

United Republic of Tanzania (URT). 1998. The Constitution of the United Republic of Tanzania of 1977. Dar es Salaam: Government Printer.


Chapter in an edited book:

Masanja, P. and Lawi, Y. (2006). African Traditional Religions in Contemporary Tanzanian Society. In R. Mukandala, S. Yahya-Othman, S.S. Mushi, and L. Ndumbaro (eds.), Justice Rights and Worship: Religion and Politics in Tanzania, pp. 97-113. Dar es Salaam: E&D Ltd.



Ferdinand, C. K. T. 1984. An econometric analysis of demand for Chibuku in Dar es Salaam. Unpublished M. A. Thesis, University of Dar es Salaam.


8.  Utafiti is a blind peer reviewed journal. Articles submitted for publication are reviewed by at least two referees, who are experts in the respective subject. Reviewers are fundamental in determining acceptance or rejection of a manuscript.


9. Copyright: It is a condition of publication that authors vest copyright of their articles, including
abstracts, in Utafiti. This enables the editors to ensure full copyright protection and to disseminate the
article, and the journal, to the widest possible readership in print and electronic formats as appropriate.
Authors may, of course, use the published article elsewhere under permission from the Chief Editor.

10. Plagiarism is an academic offence. Contributors should submit their own original work, and where
other persons’ intellectual property has been adopted, be it in form of textual extract, photograph,
diagram, formula, etc., it should be dully acknowledged and sometimes proof of owner’s consent may
apply (especially in case of photographs or artwork).

11. Upon submission of an accepted manuscript (post-review) the author is asked to submit a signed
statement declaring that publication of the article by Utafiti would not contravene any copyright or other
contractual agreements relevant to the article or the research upon which it is based.

12. Complementary copies: Each published submission is entitled for two hard copies of the respective
volume or pass-word for accessing the respective volume. That is, complementary copies are by article
and not by authors.

For further information and contributions, please contact:

Chief Editor, Utafiti
College of Humanities,
University of Dar es Salaam,
P.O. Box 35051,
Dar es Salaam, TANZANIA.
Phone: +255-784-540-294