Local People’s Knowledge of Male Contraceptive Methods in Zanzibar

Huruma L. Sigalla, Amrad Charles


This article discusses people’s knowledge and habitual use of male contraceptive methods. It explores the factors which influence their perception and practices. The study revealed that most males have no knowledge of male contraceptive methods and family planning. Data suggest that the variation in knowledge of contraception is influenced by age and occupation. The youth and the nurses were more knowledgeable than other social groups. Religious teaching, beliefs and values influence not only people’s perceptions and attitude towards contraceptive methods but also contraceptive preference and use. However, it was found that condom is the mostly known and preferred male contraceptive method followed by withdrawal method.

Full Text:



Adamchak, D.J and Adebayo, M. 1987. “Male Fertility: A Neglected Dimension in Nigerian Fertility Research”, Sociobiology 34, 1-2: 57-67.

Adeokum, L. A. 1994 “Service Quality and Family Planning Outreach in SubSaharan Africa” in T. Locoh and V. Hetrich (eds.) The Onset of fertility Transition in Sub-Saharan Africa, Liege: Derouaux Ordina Editions.

Askew, A., Johson, W., and Smith, C. 1994. “Indicators for Measuring the Quality of Family Planning Services in Nigeria,” Studies in Family Planning, 25: 68-83.

Bankole, A. and Singh, S. 1995. “Couple’s Fertility and Contraceptive Decision –Making in developing Countries. Hearing the Men’s Voice”, International Family Planning Perspective Review, 22: 639-82.

Beegle, K. 1995. “The Quality and Availability of Family Planning and Contraceptive Use in Tanzania.” LSMS working Paper No 114, The World Bank, Washington, DC.

Bertrand, A., Beatus, B., and Triphonis, J. 1995 “Access, Quality of Care and Medical Barriers in Family Planning Programs,” International Family Planning Perspectives, 21: 64-9.

Berger, P. L. and Luckmann, T. 1966. The Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge. Garden City: Anchor Books.

Bernard, R .H. 1995. Research methods in Anthropology: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. AltaMaria Press, Walnut Creek.

Brown, P., Potter, P., and Hodges, R. 1995. “Quality of Care in Family Planning Services in Morocco,” Studies in Family Planning 26: 154-68.

Bruce, J. 1990. “Fundamental Elements of the Quality of Care: A Simple Framework,” Studies in Family Planning, 21: 61-91.

Carlos, A. C. 1984. Male Involvement in Family Planning: Trends and Direction in Male Involvement in Family Planning: International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF), New Delhi: SAGE Publication.

Campbell, E. K. 1985. “Male Role in Fertility Decision in Roberts’s port, Libena”, Biology and Society 2, 3: 135-41.

Creswell, W. J. 1994. Research design: Qualitative and Quantitative approaches, New Delhi: SAGE Publications.

Danforth, N. 1999. “Meeting Unmeet Need,” New Strategy Series 43, 1: 10-15.

Denzin, N. K. and Lincoln, Y. S. 2003. The Landscape of Qualitative research: Theories and Issues, California: SAGE Publication.

Dondoo, F. 1994. “A couple analysis of Micro-level Supply/Demand in Fertility Regulation”, Population Research and Policy Review, 12: 93-101.

Ezeh, O., Jackson, E., and Cruise, A. 1992. Men’s Fertility, Contraceptive Use, and Reproductive Preference. Calverton: Macro International, DHS comparative Studies No 18.

Erinosho, A. 1998. Health Sociology: Ibadan: Sam Bookman.

Feyisetan, B. J. and Ainsworth, M. 1994. “Contraceptive Use and the Quality, Price and Availability of Family Planning in Nigeria”. LSMS Working Paper No 108. The World Bank, Washington, DC.

Hardee, K. and Gould, B. J. 1993. “A Process for Quality Improvement in Family Planning Services,” International Family Planning Perspectives, 19: 47-52.

Harrison, A. 1975. The Dilemma of Social Construction in Social Paradigm, Oxford: Scientific Publisher.

Isiugo-Abanihe, U. C. 1994. “The Socio-Cultural Context of High Fertility among Igbo women,” International Sociology 9, 2: 237-58.

Isiugo-Abanihe, U. C. 1996. “Reproductive motivations and family-size Preferences among Nigerian men,” Studies in Family Planning 25, 3: 14961.

Isiugo-Abanihe, U. C. 2003. Male Role and Responsibility in Fertility and Reproductive Health in Nigeria. Logas: Ababa Press.

Jain, A. K. 1989. “Fertility Reduction and Quality of Family Planning Services,” Studies in Family Planning, 20: 1-16.

Kalipeni, E. and Zulu, E. M. 1993. “Gender Differences in Knowledge and Attitude towards modern and Traditional methods of child spacing in Malawi,” Population Research Policy Review, 12: 103-21.

Kendal, D. 2005. Sociology in our time, New York: AFB Press.

Ndhlovu, L. 1995. Quality of Care in Family Planning Services Delivery in Kenya: Clients’ and Providers’’ Perspectives, The Population Council’s Africa OR/TA Project.

Margolis, S. P. 1997. “Population Policy, Research and the Cairo Plan for Action: New Direction for the Sahel,” International Family Planning Perspectives 23, 2: 86-9.

Mensch, A., Billington, S., and Flood, J. 1996.”The Impact of Family Planning Services on Contraceptive Use in Peru,” Studies in Family Planning 27: 59-75.

Mbizvo, M. and Adamchak, D. 1991. “Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Men in Zimbabwe,” Studies in Family Planning 22: 3138.

Moore, A. and Helzner, J. F. 1996. “What is Sex Go to go with it“. “Challenges for Incorporating Sexuality into Family Planning Programs” New York: Population Council.

Nyoni, E. J. 2008. “Dynamics in HIV/AIDS communication interventions. A case Study of Datoga Speaking People in Hanang and Mbulu District, Northern Tanzania”, PhD thesis: University of Dar es Salaam.

Oliver, R. 1995. “Contraceptive Use in Ghana: The role of Service Availability, Quality and Price.”LSMS working Paper No 111, The World Bank, Washington, DC.

Olukoya, A. A. 1985. “The Changing Attitude and Practice of Men Regarding Family Planning in Lagos Nigeria”, Public Health 99, 6: 349-55.

Olawepo, R. A. 1998. “Self-helps in the Context of Rural Development Strategies: An Example from a rural Nigerian Environment”, Journal of Arts and Social Sciences 1, 1: 159 –163.

Omondi, O. 1992. Men and Family Planning in Kenya: Alternative Policy, Intervention for Reducing Population Growth, Ph.D Thesis: Florida State University.

Omondi, O. 1997. “Men Participation in Family Planning Decision in Kenya”, Population Studies 51, 1: 29-40.

Oke, E. A. 1996. “The Emergence of medical Sociology”, in E.A. Oke and B.E Owumi eds. Reading in Medical Sociology: Ibadan Resources Development and Management Services.

Richey, A. L. 2008. Population Politics and Development: From the Policies to the Clinics. Kampala: Fountain Publishers.

Shaefer, T. 2000. The Development of Social Criticism and Social Reality, New Philadephia: Age International (P) LTD.

Thomas, D. and Maluccio, J. 1995. ”Contraceptive Choice, Fertility, and Public Policy in Zimbabwe.” LSMS working Paper No.109, The World Bank, Washington, DC.

Veney, O., Honoratus, M., and Yareid, P. 1993. “Measurement of the Quality of Family Planning Services,” Population Research and Policy Review ,12: 243-59.

Weeks, R. J. 1996. Population: An Introduction to Concepts and Issues, (6th ed.) London: Wodsworth Publishing Company.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

 [ISSN 0856-0056 (Print) & ISSN 1821-889X (Online)]