In Search of Security without Guns: The Role of Grassroots Institutions in addressing Conflicts and Injustice in Tanzania from a Gender Perspective

Bernadeta Killian, Parestico Pastory


Over recent decades there has been an increasing recognition that a sizeable share of justice and security provision takes place outside state structures. Consequently, there has been a mounting interest in studying non-state actors in security and justice provision including grassroots community structures. Although there is a plethora of studies on the role of grassroots security institutions in Africa, such studies remain largely gender-blind. This article contributes to the existing knowledge on community organized-security mechanisms by exploring the manner in which gender roles and relations are socially constructed at the grassroots structures of justice, peace and security.

Keywords: Tanzania, Grassroots Institutions, Community Security, Gender, Peace

Bernadeta Killian, Associate Professor, University of Dar es Salaam, Email:

Parestico Pastory, Lecturer, University of Dar es Salaam, Mkwawa University College of Education, 

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