Introduction: About the Special Issue


  • Bernadeta Killian University of Dar es Salaam
  • William J. Walwa
  • Richard Sambaiga
  • John Jingu


Africa has recently been declared the most "youthful" continent in the world because  over two-thirds of Africa ' s population is under the age of 35 years. For Africa, this is  not just a demographic feature but a turning point in terms of nations ' socio-economic  and political configurations and dynamics. Youths in Africa do not only constitute the  majority population, but they are also at the centre of societal interactions and
transformations (Honwana and De Boeck 2005). Put it differently, the youth in Africa  are located at the core of the continent ' s opportunities, challenges and crises of the  21st Century (Burges 2005).

Despite efforts to invest in the youth, both formal and non-formal institutions have  tended to pay inadequate attention to the development and empowerment of the  youths in Africa. Instead, this generational category has often been linked with  violence, economic vulnerability, political exclusion and other forms of vulnerability. In  that respect, to be young in Africa has come to mean being disadvantaged, vulnerable,  and marginalized in the social, political and economic sense. This attitude tends to  slow down the ability of communities and policy makers to understand how relations  between public authorities and the youths impact the governance, security, and  development prospects of nations and communities.


Burgess, T. 2015. "Introduction to Youth and Citizenship in East Africa," Africa Today, 51 (3): vii-xxiv.

Honwana, A., and De Boeck, F., Eds. 2005. Makers and Breakers: Children and Youth in Postcolonial Africa. Oxford: James Curry.