drivers of Tourism in Zanzibar

Godwin Lema


Understanding drivers of tourism is important in transforming actors’ perceptions and ultimately
the industry for sustainability. Motives, historical forces shaping tourism policy, legislations and
their actual implementations is less researched. This paper exposes drivers of tourism in Zanzibar.
It explains how the contested natural, cultural heritage, revolutionary regime, neoliberal structural
adjustment, legislations and policy changes in the archipelago shape our understanding of tourism
theory and practices overtime and space. It is generally founded that enduring political instability,
conflicting institutional power struggles and variable interests have created unique unsustainable
tourism practices and trends in the island. Overall, the paper contributes to an understanding of
the use of post structural critical theory and political ecology approach in rethinking the future of
tourism policy and legislations with references to island destinations in developing economies.

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