Multipath Exploitation-Based Indoor Target Localization Model Using Single Marginal Antenna

Joseph Sisala, Abdi T. Abdalla


Recently, indoor target localization became an area of interest due to its diverse applications. In indoor target localization, surrounding environment creates multipath components, which can be exploited to aid in localization process. A number of studies have been proposed to employ multipath exploitation in localizing indoor targets. However, their localization errors can still be improved. This study proposed a new localization model based on multipath exploitation techniques by using triangulation method. Ultra-wide band signals were resolved and associated using marginal antenna-based scheme. The estimate of the target location was then obtained using measured round-trip time delays. The location was determined by applying the simple trigonometry on the triangle in which real radar, virtual radars, and the target location are the vertices of the triangle in question. Simulation results show that the proposed method has improved the localization error over a wide range of timing errors, target locations and room sizes with the overall maximum localization error of 1.4 m equivalent to 22.2% improvement as compared to 1.8 m localization error obtained using the method developed by the Muqaibel et al. (2017).

Keywords: Indoor target localization, marginal-antenna, multipath exploitation, virtual radar.

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