Author Guidelines

The author’s name, rank, and institutional affiliation and address should appear as footnote number one on the title page. Manuscripts should be submitted in word-processed software, preferably Microsoft Word 6 or later, not exceeding 10,000 words to the Chief Editor electronically. They should be double-spaced, Time’s New Roman and in 12-point except for the title of the manuscript which abstract of about 150 words describing the main arguments and conclusions. Tables, figures and other illustrations should be typed preferably on separated pages. They should have short descriptive titles. All references to books and articles should be identified in the text by the surname of the author, year of publication and page number placed in parentheses, for example: (Rugumamu, 1995:35). Short and long quotations should be indented, separated from the main paragraph and italicized. The list of References used should be arranged alphabetically and strictly follow the American Psychological Association (APA) format, as shown in the following examples.



Alfani, B. (1986). Simple Commodity Production. Journal of Development Studies, 2(4), 250-73.



Alfani, B. (1986). Simple Commodity Production. Oxford: Pergamon Press.


Chapters in Edited Books

Kalula,E., Okorafor, N. and Bamu, P. (2011). Towards an effective regulatory framework for labour rights and social protection in Southern Africa. In D.Banik (Ed.) The Legal Empowerment Agenda: Poverty, Labour and the Informal Economy in Africa. Surrey: Ashgate, :15-39.


Mimeos or Discussion Papers

Alfani, B. (1986). Simple Commodity Production. Yale University, Discussion Paper No. 20.


Unpublished Articles/Papers

Alfani, B. (1986). Simple Commodity Production, Unpublished PhD Thesis of Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro.


Website References

World Bank. Discussion Papers, 233. Retrieved from: on January 10th 2018.


Review Essays – are longer than book reviews and cover substantial literature regarding a particular issue or issues of several books. They should not exceed 5 double-spaced A4 pages.

limitations of an academic work. 


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, document file format. Images and other figures may be included within text or submitted separately. Authors are encouraged to adhere to the general format of Times New Roman, 11 with footnontes at fornt sixe 10, abstract italisized and at fornt 10.5. All titles and subtitles at font size 12 Times New Roman style - unnumbered.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

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