Evaluation of Image Enhancement Techniques for Electrical Capacitance Tomography Applications

Alfred J Mwambela


The fast generation of images in Electrical Capacitance Tomography (ECT) systems is a desirable feature for many industrial applications. Non-iterative reconstruction algorithms which qualify for this requirement generate poor-quality images. The Linear Back Projection (LBP) is the fastest non-iterative reconstruction algorithm. The challenge is to find a technique to improve the quality of images from LBP at a low computational cost. Image enhancement techniques have been investigated for improving the quality of images reconstructed from the LBP algorithm. Simulated and measured static and dynamic flow data were used in the evaluation. The performance results were benchmarked with results from the Projected Land Weber (PLW) one of the accurate iterative reconstruction algorithms. The Gompertz enhancement algorithm was found to have 3.5 times more computation cost than the LBP reconstruction algorithm and the accuracy of the iterative PLW reconstruction algorithm. This is noteworthy since the algorithm does achieve a good balance between accuracy and speed. The fact that the accuracy gained satisfies the reservoir management standards in the multiphase hydrocarbon production sector is significant in this regard.

Keywords:    Electrical Capacitance tomography, Multiphase flow imaging, Maximum entropy thresholding, Gompertz distribution, Image enhancement

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/tjs.v49i1.11


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