Environmental Law and Policy in Tanzania: Reflections on the Enforcement of The Environmental Management Act


  • Benedict Thomas Mapunda University of Dar es Salaam


Tanzania is a vast country with adverse
environment that needs to be protected for the
good of current and future generations. The
government has adopted environmental policies
and enacted laws in order to protect the
environment. The leading legislation in this effort is
the Environmental Management Act which contains
relatively comprehensive provisions which, if
properly enforced, can help to protect and conserve
the environment of the country. This article argues
that the Act is not fully enforced not only by
individual citizens but also relevant government
institutions and as a result the intended objectives
for its enactment are not fully realized. Using all the
available avenues of enforcement, public education
and collaboration among state organs will help to
protect the environment.

Key Words: Environment, policy, biological diversity, enforcement