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Author Guidelines

Operations Research Society of Eastern Africa (ORSEA) is a semi-annually refereed journal publishing original scholarly research on business and management. ORSEA is intended to foster research from a variety of business-related disciplines. It is open to, and indeed encourages, a wide range of topical issues and emerging methods, conceptual approaches, and substantive problem areas within the domain of business and management. It is devoted to the improvement and further development of theories and practices of business and it is designed to appeal to academics, practising managers and policy makers.


Articles submitted for publication must conform to “ORSEA Authors’ Guidelines” attached. Full papers and copies of ORSEA can be obtained from the Chief Editor, ORSEA, University of Dar es Salaam Business School, P.O. Box 35046 Dar es Salaam, or email: Papers published in ORSEA are also available online at


Review process and procedure of publication of articles in the ORSEA


  1. Manuscripts intended for publication should be submitted electronically in ‘word’ format, double spaced, with wide margins (at least 2.5 cm on all four sides), as measured on standard A4 paper. This rule applies to the entire manuscript, including the reference list, notes and appendix materials—if any.  Be submitted at
  2. Title or first page (not a separate file) should include the following: (i) title of the article; (ii) name of the author(s) and title(s); (iii) institutional affiliation; (iv) abstract of no more than 250 words and (v) 4-5 key words.
  3. Manuscript should range between 5,000 and 8,000 words (including references and appendices)
  4. Article submitted must follow APA styles in terms of in-text citations, references, tables and figures.
  5. Receipt of a manuscript is acknowledged promptly by a letter from the Editor. An initial screening is done by the Editor to determine the suitability of the manuscript. Key evaluation factors considered are theoretical and practical significance, interest to ORSEA’s target readership, originality, appropriateness of style and presentation, methodology, clarity and accuracy of expression.
  6. Assuming the manuscript is considered suitable for publication in the ORSEA, it is assigned to two or more blind reviewers.
  7. Each reviewer provides careful evaluation of the manuscript, makes a recommendation to the Editor, and provides comments for the author. 
  8. The Editor appraises the reviews and makes a final decision regarding publication of the manuscript. Every effort is made to obtain prompt reviews and make early decisions (about eight to ten weeks) regarding publication. 
  9. In case the manuscript passes the evaluation without corrections, the author (s) is promptly informed of the acceptance. Otherwise, the author(s) receives the reviewers’ and editor’s comments and is given maximum of two months to resubmit the revised manuscript.
  10. Detection of Plagiarism:  ORSEA will run similarity detection software before publication.  The cut-off point for the purpose of these regulations shall be 15% excluding genuine cases referred in the text such as own publications, references, bibliography and preliminary pages. The originality report of more than 20% shall indicate that plagiarism has occurred.
  11. Upon submission of an accepted manuscript (post-review) the author is asked to submit a signed statement formally declaring that publication of the article by ORSEA would not contravene any copyright or other contractual agreements relevant to the article or the research upon which it is based. This requires that the article is not already published, nor in press, nor under consideration for any other publication where acceptance and publication is anticipated. It also requires that all copyright protocols to works cited, used, paraphrased and quoted have been duly observed by the author(s) appearing within the manuscript to be published by ORSEA.
  12. Papers presented in a conference in an abstract form can be published as a full paper in the Business Management Review. However, papers presented at conferences and published in the conference proceedings will not be published on the ORSEA unless significant improvements are made. Republishing in a journal exactly the same version as in the conference is considered not ethical.
  13. Complementary copies: Each published submission is entitled for two hard copies of the respective volume or pass-word for accessing the respective volume. That is, complementary copies are by article and not by authors. 



ISSN 1821-7567 and eISSN 2591- 6947



Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

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