The Influence of Pull Factors on Inter-organisational Labour Mobility in the Public Sector: The Moderating Role of Transformational Leadership


  • Rosemary Massae Institute of Finance Management €“ Tanzania
  • Francis Michael University of Dar es Salaam
  • John J. Sanga University of Dar es Salaam


This study assesses how pull factors affect inter-organisational labour mobility,
includingtheroleof transformational leadership as a moderator. With the aid of
SmartPLS3.2.7, quantitative data from a survey of 333 employees of government
Furthermore,results indicated a significant moderating effect of transformational
leadership on the influence of compensation on inter-organisational labour
mobility,and thattransformational leadershipmoderates the influence of training
and development on inter-organisational labour mobility. Consistent with Social
Exchange Theory and Herzberg ' s Two Factor Theory,the results haverevealed
the relevance ofpull factors in explaining inter-organisational labour mobility.
managerial personnel and policymakers with insights into the interaction effect
between pull factors and transformationalleadership on inter-organisational
organisations should establish transformational leadership training programs, so
as to equip all managerial personnel with thevitalemployees retention skills.The
study has theoretically verified that under the influence of the Social Exchange
Theory, transformational leadership can interact with pull variables and diminish
their effects on inter-organisational labour mobility in the Tanzanian setting, thus
adding new knowledge to the current labour mobility model.The limitations of
this study form avenues for further research. For instance, considering the
interaction effect of pull and push factors and transformational leadership on
inter-organisational labour mobility may generate additional insights.

Keywords: Pull factors, compensation, training and development, transformational leadership,
turnover intention/ inter-organisational labour mobility.