Optimization of Biogas Production Process in Solid State Digesters in Semiarid Areas of Northern Tanzania

Debora Mahushi, Alfred Muzuka, Revocatus Machunda


Solid state digestion process has received much attention due to its low water requirements, making it preferred in semi-arid areas as well. In this study, the performance of the household solid state digesters was evaluated through monitoring of the feedstock mixing ratios and using the digester gas pressure as a measure of performance. Additionally, a batch study to verify the appropriate and optimal mixing ratio of feedstocks was also done. The mixing ratios of cow dung to water ranged from 2:1, 3:1 and 4:1. Total solids determined were 120, 150 and 170 mg/g for the ratios 2:1, 3:1 and 4:1, respectively. Biogas yield for 2:1, 3:1 and 4:1 mixing ratios in laboratory batch mode were 21.4, 22.7 and 46.4 mL/gVS, respectively. These results from a practical scenario show a promising future of the technology which can be adopted by all solid state digester users living in dry areas.

Key words: Cowdung, Biogas, Mixing ratio, Batch solid state anaerobic digester

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