Oral Impacts on Daily Performances among People Living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus on HAART Era Attending Care and Treatment Clinics in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Leonard Evarist, Irene Kida Minja


Oral disease/conditions are reported to have negative effects on the quality of life of People Living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (PLWHIV/AIDS). This study aimed to assess the prevalence and causes of oral impacts on daily performances (OIDP) and its associated factors among PLWHIV/AIDS. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 218 PLWHIV/AIDS attending two HIV Care and Treatment Centres (CTCs) in Dar es Salaam. The study utilized a structured interview schedule containing questions on socio-demography and a single item of global oral health measure on the perception of current oral health status (OHS). A Swahili version of an OIDP inventory was used to assess the impacts of oral conditions on participants’ daily performances. Frequency distribution, chi-square, and logistic regression analyses were conducted (p < 0.05). Participants’ age ranged from 20 to 70 years, mean of 41.15 SD 10.7. About 70% (n = 154) of the participants perceived their oral health status (OHS) as good. The prevalence of OIDP (³ 1) was 26.1% (n = 57). The most affected performances reported were eating and chewing food followed by maintaining the usual emotional state without being irritable. Toothache was the main cause of impacts on all daily performances except ‘speaking and pronouncing clearly’ which was caused by oral ulcer. Age (= 0.025) and perceived oral health status (= 0.000) were significantly associated with OIDP. More studies on biological and behavioural factors are recommended to support inclusion of oral health in CTCs.

Keywords: Care and Treatment Centres; HAART; HIV; Oral health; Quality of life

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/tjs.v48i4.10


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