Female Circumcision Practices: Perception on Methods used to Disseminate Anti-Fc Messages

Misanya Bingi


This paper looks at the Gogo’s perception of methods used to disseminate anti-female circumcision messages in the Gogo community during campaigns to eradicate female circumcision. The paper was impelled by the fact that efforts to eliminate female circumcision (FC) practices among the Gogo community have not been very successful. The paper uses the Social Constructionist Theory to unveil what happens when anti-female circumcision intervention methods encounter the lived experience of the Gogo in terms of uptake of intervention messages. The paper is based on data generated during a PhD research which was done in Mpwapwa District using a qualitative design in 2014. The paper argues that the uptake of anti-FC campaigns is low because the methods used to campaign against female circumcision take little, if any, account of the local knowledge context in which female circumcision occurs. The paper underscores that the inclusion of the local discourse in crafting the anti-FC intervention methods is very important if the uptake is to be improved. The paper recommends that for anti-FC messages to have the desired impact, the designing of the methods to disseminate anti-FC messages need to take into account the local knowledge which guides the Gogo life.


Bandura, P. (1977), Social Learning and Personality Development, New Jersey, Holt, Rinehart,& Winston, INC

Berger, P. and Luckman, T. 1967. The Social Construction of Reality, London, Cox & Wyman Ltd.

Bingi, M. 2014. Female Circumcision Practices: The case of the Gogo of Mpwapwa District,Dodoma Region, Tanzania, PhD Thesis, University of Dar es Salaam.

Bowling, A. (2002), Research methods in health: Investigating Health and Health Service,Burkingham, Open University Press

Boyle, E. H., Songora, F. and Foss, G. (2001), “International discourse and local politics: antifemale genital cutting laws in Egypt and Tanzania, and the United States” Social Problems, Volume 48, No.4

Mwaipopo, S. 2004. The Law and Practice Relating to Female Genital Mutilation in Tanzania, unpublished Thesis/Dissertation, Lund University

Nyoni, J.E. 2008. Dynamics in HIV/AIDS Communication Interventions, A PhD Thesis,University of Dar es Salaam: Dar es Salaam.

Rull 2011. Diseases and Different Ethnic Groups, www.patient.co.uk retrieved on 20thSeptember, 2013

United Republic of Tanzania (1996), Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

United Republic of Tanzania (2004/2005), Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Waisbord, S. (2001), Family tree of theories, methodology and strategies in development communication, www.communication for social change.org/pdf/family.pdf retrieved on 11th February, 2013

WHO (2008), Eliminating female genital mutilation: an interagency statement (UNAIDS, UNDP, UNECA, UNESCO, UNFPA, UNHCHR, UNHCR, UNICEF, UNIFEM, WHO), Geneva, WHO


  • There are currently no refbacks.