Notes for contribution


Manuscripts: In the first instance, manuscripts should be submitted only by email. The first page of the manuscript should have the title. An abstract of not more than 150 words should appear at the beginning of the article and should be italicized. Please submit a word version plus a PDF version of your file.

Cover Sheets: The author’s name, gender, email address and full mailing address, and the manuscript title should appear on a separate page, which should also have telephone and fax numbers, and the size of the article in terms of the number of words.

Affiliation: This should appear on the first page as a footnote marked with an asterisk. The footnote should indicate the author’s title, the department and the university to which he/she belongs, and his/her postal and email addresses. The asterisk should be put on the author’s surname (e.g. Abel Mreta* ) as well as at the bottom of the first page where information about the author is given. The number of asterisk increases according to the number of authors.

Typing: Articles submitted for publication must be typed in century (12 points), double-spaced throughout, leaving wide margins on all four sides.

Length: Articles should not be longer than 7000 words, including footnotes and references.

Titles: Titles and section headings should be clear and brief. They should have the following format: No numbering, first level – upper case, bold: second level – title case, bold; third level – title case, italic.

Keywords: A list of keywords should be provided below the abstract and should be italicized. The word keywords should be written in boldface, but should not be italicized.

Quotations: Lengthy quotations in the text itself should be presented as a separate paragraph and should be indented.

Language and Spelling: Articles may be written in English, Kiswahili, French or Chinese, and the text must be well edited. Quotations of text fragments in other languages should be followed by an English translation. Consistent UK or US spellings may be used.

Linguistic Examples: A letter, word or phrase cited as a linguistic example should be italicized and followed by a gloss in single quotation marks. Authors are advised to use only standard phonetic symbols such as those of the IPA or IAI. Special symbols drawn by hand should be used very sparingly and should always be done clearly.

Endnotes: Endnotes should appear on a separate page, following the main text but before the references. They should be as few and as short as possible.

References: A reference should be cited in the text according to the author, date and page system, which is standard for journals, e.g. (Halliday et al., 1964) or “as Batibo (1980:172) observes …” Use “et al.’ for more than two authors. The letters a, b, c, etc. should be used for different works by the same author in the same year.

The full alphabetical list of the references cited should then be typed at the end of the article. Titles of books or journals should be italicized, and those of articles should be left plain, and not enclosed in quotes, as in the following examples:

Batibo, H. M. (1996). Loanword Clusters Navitisation Rules in Tswana and Swahili: A Comparative Study. South African Journal of African Languages, 16(2): 33–40.

Halliday, M. A. K & Hasan, R. (1984). Language, Context and Text: Aspects of Language in a Social-Semiotic Perspective. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Hymes, D. (1992). The Concept of Communicative Competence Revisited. In M. Putz (ed.). Thirty Years of Linguistics Evolution. Amsterdam: John Benjamin’s, 31–58.

Leki, I. (2010). Second Language Writing in English. In R. B. Kaplan (ed.). The Oxford Handbook of Applied Linguistics (2nd ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Tables, Diagrams, Maps and Symbols: These should be organized so that they fit on the page without crowding, with ample space between columns and as near to the relevant text as possible. Complicated symbols, diagrams, maps and figures should be avoided and will generally not be accepted. The text should indicate clearly where such illustrations are intended to appear. Authors will be informed where their illustrations or symbols cannot be reproduced in the journal.

Submission: The file should be attached to an accompanying message, in which you should identify yourself with your full name and address. The headers/subject of your message should read: Article for JLLE. Two hard copies of final versions of papers should, on request, be sent to the address above.

Review Process: All manuscripts are subjected to double-blind peer review. The review process takes one month: 1–31 May; 1–30 November. Results are published between 16 and 30 June (first issue), and between 16 and 31 December (second issue).