The Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Mental Health among Individuals in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Magolanga Shagembe, Jonas Kinanda, Mathew Senga, Thomas Ndaluka


This study aimed at examining the impact of COVID-19 on mental health in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Specifically, this study was guided by the assumption that the COVID-19 pandemic had impacted on individuals’ mental health in Tanzania in various ways. The study used a Social Cognitive Theory to illuminate insights generated from the empirical findings from the field. Using a survey questionnaire, the study collected data from a sample of 258 respondents. The findings have shown that COVID-19 affected individuals differently, with fewer symptoms of substance use disorders, depression, and schizophrenia experienced by the respondents interviewed. Overall, there were high symptoms of obsession and bipolar disorder. In conclusion, people’s cognitive perception influenced their view of severity of COVID-19 and consequently predisposed their behaviour. Given the changing nature of the virus globally, this study recommends for a countrywide survey to determine the trend and magnitude of mental disorders in the country.

Key Words: Mental health, COVID-19, Mental disorders

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