Notes to Contributors

UTAFITI Journal of African Perspectives

Published by the College of Humanities, UDSM


Do not submit manuscripts that are under editorial consideration elsewhere, or due for publication, or previously published.

1. Manuscripts intended for publication with Utafiti should be submitted electronically in ‘word’ format, double spaced, with wide margins (at least 2.5 cm on all four sides), as measured on standard A4 paper. This rule applies to the entire manuscript, including the reference list, notes and appendix materials—if any.

2. Title or first page (not a separate file) should include the following: (i) title of the article; (ii) name of the author(s) and title(s); (iii) institutional affiliation; (iv) abstract of no more than 150 words and (v) 4-5 key words.  Insure you provide working cell phone numbers for communication with editor.

3. Manuscripts submitted in English (British or American), Kiswahili, or French, consistently so. Manuscripts in Kiswahili and French should include an abstract in the paper’s language, and also a translation of the abstract and title in English.

4. Illustrations (artworks, maps, and photographs) should be set in the text with captions, of high resolution with legible captions. In such cases a separate full manuscript should be sent in pdf format.

5. In case of mathematical and linguistics font expressions (e.g., subscripts and superscripts), they should be correctly placed and clearly marked. Unusual or specialized characters including linguistics symbols should be identified by writing a glossary with their meanings early in the footnotes, at the first occurrence of one such symbol in the paper. Any equation number should be numbered consecutively at the right margin.

6. Manuscript should range between 5,000 and 8,000 words (including references and appendices), with an abstract not exceeding 150 words.

7. Any manuscripts containing special phonetic spelling and fonts, special symbols, graphs and inserted tables and plates of any kind must be accompanied with a pdf copy to ensure fonts are not corrupted through emailing.

8. Notes, Citations, and References:

Footnotes should be numbered consecutively using the word processing function key.

In-text citation should follow ‘author-date’ system, such as (Nyerere 1967). Direct quotations should always show the page where it was extracted such as (Kjekshus 1977: 125). In case of more than two authors, the name of the first author should be used, followed by “et al. and year (and page number if applies). E.g., (Mkandala et al. 2004: viii). However, names of all authors should appear in the list of References.

Reference list should appear at the end of the document, arranged in alphabetical order, using the second name of the author, or of the first author in case of multiple authors. See the following examples. DO NOT USE AUTOMATIC BIBLIOGRAPHY WORD PROCESSING FUNCTION KEYS to produce your final reference list. Insert your references in a standard journal style format, into the manuscript as fixed type. Manuscripts containing automated bibliography lists will be returned to the author immediately for restitution.


Geerling, C. and H. Brenan. 1986. Ecology and development: an attempt to synthesize. Environmental conservation 13: 211-214.

Chegere, M., Kidane, A, and Leyaro, V. 2013. Poverty Effects of Fuel and Food Price Changes in Tanzania. Utafiti 10(2):1-33.

Authored books:

Kjekshus, H. 1977. Ecology control and economic development in East Africa: The Case of Tanganyika 1850-1950. London: Heinemann.

United Republic of Tanzania (URT). 1998. The Constitution of the United Republic of Tanzania of 1977. Dar es Salaam: Government Printer.

Chapter in an edited book:

Masanja, P. and Lawi, Y. 2006. African Traditional Religions in Contemporary Tanzanian Society. In Justice Rights and Worship: Religion and Politics in Tanzania. Eds. R. Mukandala, S. Yahya-Othman, S.S. Mushi, and L. Ndumbaro. Dar es Salaam: Mkuki na Nyota, pp. 97-113.


Ferdinand, C. K. T. 1984. An econometric analysis of demand for Chibuku in Dar es Salaam. Unpublished MA thesis, University of Dar es Salaam.


8. Peer reviewing: Utafiti is a peer reviewed journal. Manuscripts submitted for publication are reviewed by at least two anonymous referees, who are experts in the respective subject. The identity of the author(s) are unknown to the blind reviewers as well. Hence we use double blind peer review. Reviewers are fundamental in determining acceptance or rejection of a manuscript by Utafiti.

9. Copyright: It is a condition of publication that authors vest copyright of their articles, including abstracts, in Utafiti. This enables the editors to ensure full copyright protection and to disseminate the article and the journal to the widest possible readership in print and electronic formats as appropriate. Authors may, of course, use the published article elsewhere under permission from the Chief Editor.

10. Plagiarism is an academic offence. Contributors should submit their own original work, and where other persons’ intellectual property has been adopted, be it in form of textual extract, photograph, diagram, formula, etc., it should be dully acknowledged and sometimes proof of owner’s consent may apply (especially in case of photographs or artwork). This includes patchwork plagiarism. Manuscripts which include text or other materials lifted from other academic papers archived online in any form without the standard quotation marks or offsetting from the main text, presented as if it is the author’s own work, will be automatically rejected in the preliminary desk-review stage. The author will be informed at once.

11. Upon submission of an accepted manuscript (post-review) the author is asked to submit a signed statement formally declaring that publication of the article by Utafiti would not contravene any copyright or other contractual agreements relevant to the article or the research upon which it is based. This requires that the article is not already published, nor in press, nor under consideration for any other publication where acceptance and publication is anticipated. It also requires that all copyright protocols to works cited, used, paraphrased and quoted have been duly observed by the author(s) appearing within the manuscript to be published by Utafiti.

12. Complementary copies: Each published submission is entitled for two hard copies of the respective volume or pass-word for accessing the respective volume. That is, complementary copies are by article and not by authors. 

13. As of February 2018, Utafiti will be available online, this includes all back issues, and all members of the UDSM community with access to the library archives will be able to download each article as a pdf for free.

For further information and contributions, please contact:

Chief Editor, Utafiti    primary correspondence (editor’s) email:

H. Lauer, College of Humanities (CoHU)          institutional e-mail:

University of Dar es Salaam, P.O. Box 35051, Dar es Salaam, TANZANIA.

Editor’s mobile phone: +255-743-924-800