Editorial Policies

Section Policies


Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Instructions to Authors

Manuscripts: In the first instance, manuscripts should be submitted only by email. The first page of the manuscript
should have the title. An abstract of not more than 150 words should appear at the beginning of the article and
should be italicized. Please submit a word version plus a PDF version of your file.
Cover Sheets: The author’s name, gender, email address and full mailing address and the manuscript title should
appear on a separate page, which should also have telephone and fax numbers, and the size of the article in terms of
the number of words.
Affiliation: This should appear on the first page as a footnote marked by an asterisk. The footnote should indicate
the author’s title, the department and the university to which he/she belongs, his/her postal and email addresses. The
asterisk should be put on the author’s surname (e.g. Amani Lusekelo ) as well as at the bottom of the first page
where information about the author is given. The number of asterisk increases according to the number of authors.
Typing: Articles submitted for publication must be typed in century (12 points), double-spaced throughout, leaving
wide margins on all four sides.
Length: Articles should not be longer than 7000 words, including footnotes and references.
Titles: Titles and section headings should be clear and brief. They should have the following format: No
numbering, first level – upper case, bold: second level – title case, bold; third level – title case, italic.
Keywords: A list of keywords should be provided below the abstract and should be italicized. The word keywords
should be written in boldface, but should not be italicized.
Quotations: Lengthy quotations in the text itself should be presented as a separate paragraph and should be indented.
Language and Spelling: Articles may be written in English, Kiswahili, or French and the text should be well edited.
Quotations of text fragments in other languages should be followed by an English translation. Consistent UK or US
spellings may be used.
Linguistics Examples: A letter, word or phrase cited as a linguistic example should be italicized, and followed by a
gloss in single quotation marks. Authors are advised to use only standard phonetic symbols such as those of the IPA
or IAI. Special symbols drawn by hand should be used very sparingly and should always be done clearly.
End Notes: Endnotes should appear on a separate page, following the main text, but before the references. They
should be as few and as short as possible.
References: A reference should be cited in the text according to the author, date and page system, which is standard
for journals, e.g. (Halliday et al., 1964) or “as Batibo (1980:172) observes …” Use “et al.’ for more than two
authors. The letters a, b, c, etc. should be used for different works by the same author in the same year.
The full alphabetical list of the references cited should then be typed at the end of the article. Titles of books or
journals should be italicized, and those of articles should be left plain, and not enclosed in quotes, as in the following
Batibo, H. M. (1996). Loanword Clusters Navitisation Rules in Tswana and Swahili: A Comparative Study. South
African Journal of African Languages, 16(2): 33–40.
Halliday, M. A. K & Hasan, R. (1984). Language, Context and Text: Aspects of Language in a Social-Semiotic
Perspective. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Hymes, D. (1992). The Concept of Communicative Competence Revisited. In M. Putz (ed.). Thirty Years of
Linguistics Evolution. Amsterdam: John Benjamin’s, 31–58.
Leki, I. (2010). Second Language Writing in English. In R. B. Kaplan (ed.). The Oxford Handbook of Applied
Linguistics (2nd ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Tables, Diagrams, Maps and Symbols: These should be organized so that they fit on the page without crowding,
with ample space between columns, and as near to the relevant text as possible. Complicated symbols, diagrams,
maps and figures should be avoided and will generally not be accepted. The text should indicate clearly where such
illustrations are intended to appear. Authors will be informed where their illustrations or symbols cannot be
reproduced in the journal.
Submission: The file should be attached to an accompanying message, in which you should identify yourself with
your full name and address. The headers/subject of your message should state: article for JLLE. Two hard copies of
final versions of papers should, on request, be sent to the address above.