The State and Quality of Education in Tanzania: A Reflection

Herme Mosha


This paper contains reflections on the state and quality of education in Tanzania as the country marks the 50th Anniversary of its national independence and the establishment of the University. The paper reflects candidly in an unorthodox manner to interrogate the serious issues affecting the quality of education in Tanzania for the betterment of the educational system. In the face of heated debates and the concerns of all and sundry over the quality of education, the paper argues that there is a growing awareness that formal education is key to having a competitive edge, promoting a national and institutional reputation, the effective marketing of institutional products and attracting resources, in addition to acting as a fulcrum for rapid national socio-economic and political development, and the production of top class leaders and professionals. On the whole, this soul-searching paper interrogates the question of Tanzania’s education quality with a view to suggesting the way forward.

Full Text:



Carnoy, M (2006) Investment Choices for Education in Africa. “Lessons from the Past Two Decades. Investment Choices for Education and Growth”. Paper Presented to The EFA, UNESCO. Stanford: Stanford University. September, 2006.

Coles, C., (2003), ‘The development of a curriculum for spinal surgeons’, Observations following the Second Spine Course of the Spinal Society of Europe Barcelona 16th – 19th September 2003.

Kilasi, E.I. An Evaluation of PEDP II (2007 – 2011) Implementation for Quality Improvement in Iringa Region. A dissertation to be submitted in Partial fulfilment of MEMA, UDSM.

Mbiti, D.M. (1989) Foundations of School Administration. Nairobi: Oxford University Press.

Mckendre, J. (2003) The Role of Discussion in Learning. A Workshop Paper, LTSN. Retrieved from accessed on 2008/01/12.

Mosha, H. J (2000) “Conceptualizing quality of education. In Galabawa. J.C.J., Senkoro, F.E.M.K, and Lwaitama, A.F. Quality of Education in Tanzania. Dar-es-Salaam: Faculty of Education: 1-20.

Mosha, H.J (2006) Planning Education System for Excellence. Dar-es-Salaam. E&D Limited.

Mosha H.J. (2011) Towards managing educational institutions for excellence and perfection. Papers in Education and Development, 30, 179-2005.

Myers, S. (1991) The management of curriculum time as it relates to students engaged time. Educational Review, Vol.42, No 1: 13-21.

Nzigilwa, E.A (2010) The Role of School Leaders in Influencing Students’ Achievement in Secondary Schools. MEMA Dissertation, University of Dar-es-Salaam

Okumbe, J. A. (1998) Educational Management: Theory and Practice. Nairobi: University Press.

Oyugi, E.O (1992) Attitude and Motivation. Nairobi: University of Nairobi Press.

Samata, B. (2011) New law ‘must encourage responsibility’; extracts from speech delivered by the Retired Chief Justice, Mr. Barnabas Samata, Chancellor Mzumbe University at a Workshop on the Country’s Constitution, held at Mzumbe University main campus, Morogoro, as reported in the Citizen on Sunday 22 may 2011.

URT (1995). Education and Training Policy. Dar es Salaam: Ministry of Education and Culture.

URT (1999). The Tanzania Development Vision 2025. Dar es Salaam: Commission for Planning and Investments.

URT (2005). The Universities Act, 2005. Dar es Salaam MHEST, 2005.

Ward, H. (1994) Planning and monitoring the quality of primary education in Sub- Saharan Africa. In AFTHR-Technical Note, No. 14.


  • There are currently no refbacks.