Examining Financial Sustainability of Fee-Free Secondary Education in Tanzania

Rogers Jacob Shemwelekwa, George Kahangwa Kahangwa


This study was undertaken to examine financial sustainability in the
provision of secondary education through a fee-free education policy in
Tanzania. A concurrent embedded mixed research design was adopted.
Data were collected from 421 respondents through stratified random,
simple random and purposive sampling techniques using questionnaires,
interviews, focus group discussion, and documentary review. Quantitative
data was analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics analysis
whereas qualitative data was analysed through thematic data analysis.
Among others, the findings indicate that financial sustainability of feefree
secondary education relies on the national financial and strategic
planning. As one survival strategy, this study recommends schools to
establish various income generating projects.
Keywords: fee-free education, secondary education, sustainable education,

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